There is an increasing number of alerts and reported outbreaks of foodborne viruses in foods. Viruses mostly associated with viral foodborne illnesses and outbreaks are Norovirus (NoV) and Hepatitis A virus (HAV).
Noroviruses have been recognized in Europe as a leading cause of foodborne gastroenteritis over the last decade. HAV causes very severe inflammation of the liver (hepatitis). However, HAV is prevailing in endemic countries outside Europa. It should be taken into consideration when importing food products originating from these countries. The WHO provides a map with an overview of the estimated Hepatitis A virus prevalence.
Major contamination routes are person-to-person or person-to-food (during picking, preparation of food) and contaminated water (e.g. applied as irrigation water, washing water, to dilute pesticides or cultivation water).
A broad range of foods have been implicated in NoV/HAV foodborne outbreaks:
- shellfish (e.g. oysters, mussels), crustaceans and their products;
- fruits - mainly berries - and vegetables (fresh and frozen);
- unpasteurized fruit and vegetable juices;
- ready-to-eat food such as sandwiches.
There is actually no European legislation in place for Norovirus and Hepatitis A virus in fresh produce. However there are scientific opinions made by EFSA.
NoV/HAV detection is still difficult and hampered by several limitations. Unlike most foodborne bacteria, viruses cannot grow in the environment since they need specific host cells to replicate. In general, the strategy for detection of foodborne viruses in food samples consists of 3 steps.
For the samples, we talk mainly about fresh produce and fruits and about processed fruits and vegetables.
Primoris is officially accredited for norovirus and hepatite A viruses. The accreditation certificate can be consulted on this website.
Primoris is part of relana, the quality circle of a dozen European labs concerning analysis of pesticides and contaminants. Earlier this year Primoris saw a relana audit and received excellent feedback. In the first place the lab shows a high and stable level of quality and furthermore, the auditors were impressed with the competence of our staff.
As your reliable source for training Ciboris is offering you a free webinar on methodologies to combat food fraud in fruit and fruit juices. SGF International e.V. and Ciboris are collaborating to tackle one of the more difficult cases in fruit juice authentication: detection of peach puree in apricot puree. This adulteration with a biologically similar product is hard to uncover.
We are delighted to inform you that, as of now, we offer analyses on ethylene oxide with the fast reporting times of 8h and 36h after arrival of the sample at the lab.
On Friday 1 July a new European legislation is being activated regarding maximum limits of pyrrolizidine alkaloids in certain products. To comply with this new legislation, we introduce as of 1 July a new analytical method PYRRO_02_A, that is completely in line with this new legislation. The existing PYRRO_01_A method will be deactivated.